Homelessness and mental illness are closely related. Approximately 22% of homeless people suffer from some mental illness. People are often abandoned by their families and friends who can not maintain a mentally ill person.
This condition also precludes the possibility of finding a job for one person. In the worst case, mental illness encourages substance abuse.
What is Homelessness?
Homeless (homeless) is defined as a condition in which people do not have a fixed address and in public spaces, outside or staying in shelters.
“Creating disk” or “push” or “be on board” in colloquial terms, for example, in the parks, on benches, under bridges, sleeping in front of the door, and station construction site. The term “homeless” means the property or apartment.
Long-term homeless are now active in most major cities. They also derogatory terms such as “bum” dubs and / or equated with beggars.
Homeless mentally ill can be when there is no adequate community resources to help them and serve their needs.
Causes of Homelessness
Homelessness is one of the major social problems that develop as a developed country in the world. Approximately 11% of the U.S. population is homeless with more than 1 million homeless children.
Homelessness is defined as a situation in which a person can buy a permanent residence in the evening. There are several socioeconomic causes of homelessness, which is different for each country.
Basically there are three different categories of homeless persons, transitional, which refer to the period of homelessness for 59 days or less, episodic, with 4 or 5 episodes of homelessness for a total of 266 days or less and chronic 2 or more accidents, accounting for a total of 650 days homeless.
Previously, unemployment has been considered as the most important of all the causes of homelessness. However, statistics show that more than 25% of the homeless populations are used.
Homeless Causes and Effects
Poverty is the most significant of all the causes of homelessness in America, and around the world. Poverty is often paved the way for many other socioeconomic problems.
Illiteracy, lack of education or illiteracy limits the ability to find a decent job. As a result, people have to put up with jobs that pay less and offer long working hours. Wages are not sufficient to cover the costs of detention of the person concerned or his family.
Substance abuse, drug or alcohol abuse often leads to people being thrown in the streets, broken relationships, loss of a loved one, depression, financial problems, etc., forcing people to use drugs. This situation worsens when a person he could not find a job. Substance abuse is a major cause of youth homelessness.
Domestic violence is mostly associated with women and children homeless. Physical, sexual intercourse is the main cause of youth homelessness. The majority of homeless children and women escaping from domestic violence embrace the shelter on the streets.
Evictions for rent arrears are the most common reason for homelessness. Others include the use of unreasonable or non-conformity of the apartment, was released from prison, nursing homes and hospitals, unexpected emergency (such as fire or water damage), a family dispute.
There is often a cause of the following (usually combined) for the homeless:
- Rent arrears and evictions with the trend of increasing
- Divorce or separation from your spouse of partner
- Unemployment and sickness
- Addictive behaviors such as alcohol or drug addiction
- Lack of rehabilitation after prison
- Mental disorders.
Common causes of homelessness among children and adolescents are:
- Material poverty and homelessness for the whole family
- Fleeing violence and / or abuse in the home
- to close living conditions at home parents
- Escape from constant conflict with other family members
- Running away from home (even a homeless shelter).
Institutional sanitation man who was released from prison after serving a term often take refuge in the streets, because they have no family to return.
Just as with people released from mental hospital or other institution like that. The lack of government interest to support individuals by providing shelter outcomes like this often lead to permanent homelessness and crime.
Legal issues prevent people from acquiring the rights to subsidiaries and other government housing programs of financial assistance. Immigration issues also led to homelessness in the United States, because it is able to produce legal documents to apply for a permit.
Lack of family support Community suffered a major setback as the death of one member of the gain or other serious problems such as support groups are supported by the Community or some other social organizations. The lack of solid support system leads to homelessness for families.
In addition, several other social factors such as race, color can also offer a new challenge for some families, build a roof over their heads.
Increasing housing costs have exacerbated the homelessness problem in the world. Homelessness has serious consequences for the entire community.
Not only led to an increase in crime, but also pose a threat to social security and integrity. People living on the street are more vulnerable to attacks by people who live in the house.
Similarly, it also causes a variety of infections and the risk to health.
The Health of Homeless
Medical research shows that homeless people health condition is very bad and worrying. But many homeless people avoid the doctor.
Triggers disease after frequently cited:
- Facility cleanliness Limited
- A little protection from moisture, cold, or hot concept
- Fear of an attack of violence or actual violence
- Persistent lack of sleep and the constant search for a safe place to sleep
- Life crisis
- Unhealthy working conditions, loss of employment / unemployment
- Subjective overcome and individual risk behaviors
- Lack of human care and social contacts, as well as the loneliness and isolation
An important role of individual behavior such as eating habits and consumption of alcohol, but the pattern of special treatment for play in our society in relation to poverty and isolation are also important.
Many homeless people suffer from multiple diseases simultaneously follows:
- The respiratory system, digestive system, cardiovascular
- Poor state of tooth
- Skin Diseases
- An acute infectious disease
- Mental illness
As stated about homeless can be the causes of multiple disease like mental illness, that is why homelessness and mental illness are related to each other in some cases.